What hap­pens dur­ing a gov­ern­ment shut­down, and who is affect­ed?

As the House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives and Sen­ate work to pass appro­pri­a­tions bills to fund the fed­er­al gov­ern­ment, the threat of a gov­ern­ment shut­down looms over Wash­ing­ton, D.C.
While Con­gress works to avoid what all par­ties indi­cate would be a no-win sit­u­a­tion, the effects of a shut­down would go far beyond the nation’s cap­i­tal. Here is a look at what is typ­i­cal­ly affect­ed in D.C. and through­out the rest of the coun­try when the gov­ern­ment shuts down.
Wash­ing­ton, D.C.
The great­est effect of a gov­ern­ment shut­down with­in Wash­ing­ton, D.C., is on fed­er­al work­ers who are typ­i­cal­ly either fur­loughed dur­ing the dura­tion of the bud­get impasse or are required to work with­out receiv­ing their reg­u­lar pay­check on time. Emer­gency ser­vices remain in oper­a­tion dur­ing a gov­ern­ment shut­down — only non-emer­gency func­tions of the fed­er­al gov­ern­ment are forced to halt until a fund­ing pack­age.
Anoth­er effect with­in the nation’s cap­i­tal is the polit­i­cal harm to the par­ty or leg­isla­tive body blamed for the grid­lock caus­ing the gov­ern­ment shut­down. Typ­i­cal­ly, gov­ern­ment shut­downs hap­pen in divid­ed gov­ern­ment, as is cur­rent­ly the case with the GOP hav­ing a major­i­ty in the House while Democ­rats …